The United States government conducts a census of its citizens every 10 years. It has done so since 1790. The earliest censuses only recorded the name of the "head of household" and then simply counted the rest of the members, grouping them by gender and age group. However, that changed in 1850 when all members of the household began to be enumerated, along with other pertinent information, such as each person's relationship to the head. Currently, censuses are available online through 1940. (The federal census of 1890 was unfortunately destroyed in a fire.) The Commonwealth of Massachusetts also conducted its own censuses in 1855 and 1865.

The censuses contain a wealth of information for the family historian (See "Dealing with the Census" for more information). They also contain many mistakes: incorrect names, incorrect spellings, incorrect ages, and the list goes on. However, if you can find your family in a census, it can provide a quick "snapshot" of where they were, what they were employed at and who was living in the household.

In the case of the 5 Goodhind brothers who first came to America, only Henry shows up in the 1860 federal census, even though his brother Frederick had arrived with him in 1859. This is not necessarily unusual; many families were missed in census reports for a variety of reasons. It certainly does not mean, for example, that Frederick was trying to "hide" in some way. But Henry, Frederick, James Thomas and Richard all show up in a state census for Massachusetts that was done in 1865.

Below you will find census images by year for each of the brothers. (Click on the stae to see the image.) Beneath the census year is the name of the town in which they were living at the time. Unless otherwise noted, the town is in Masachusetts. If there is a number in parentheses (for example: 1880 (1)), that means the census report continued to the next page.

HENRY GOODHIND (born 1834, died 1910)

Great Barrington
Great Barrington
Great Barrington
Great Barrington
Great Barrington
Great Barrington
Great Barrington
Great Barrington

FREDERICK GOODHIND (born 1836, died 1916)

 
 
Russell
Russell
Huntington
Farmington, Connecticut
Farmington, Connecticut

JAMES THOMAS GOODHIND (born 1840, died 1880)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dalton
Huntington
 
 
 
 
 

RICHARD GOODHIND (born 1842, died 1911)

 
 
 
 
Russell
Dalton
Dalton
Lee
Lee

JOHN GOODHIND (born 1853, died 1915)

 
 
 
 
 
 
Becket
Chicopee
Widow Amy, West Springfield


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